Coober Pedy blower sign

The question is: why would you live underground and what’s there to see in Coober Pedy, in the middle of the outback in South Australia?? Let’s try to answer that and give you a reason to travel to one of the craziest places we’ve ever seen!


First things first, let’s find on the map the whereabouts of this quirky town.
Coober Pedy is located in the state of South Australia, some 850 km north to its capital city Adelaide and 700 km south of Alice Springs. Around here, the blazing sunrays and scorching heat of the outback are unforgiving. Temperature often reach 40°C in summer (the official high record is 47.8°C), rain is a rare occurrence.
There’s basically nothing for hundreds of kilometres around Coober Pedy. Or we should say, there’s nothing on the surface…

Coober Pedy opale
The excavation and pits around Coober Pedy


Recent history began in 1915, when the first precious opal stone was discovered. Few years later, swarms of miners had already moved into town and the city of Coober Pedy was officially founded in 1920. The origin of the name is quite funny, it’s said that local aboriginals used to call the area kupa-piti, which translates to “white man holes”! Today’s nickname is Opal City, as the big sign along the highway reads.

Here everything rotates around the opal deposits, a rare mineral known for its green-bluish veins.
97% of its global production is within Australia, reason why it’s considered the national gemstone. Opal is measured in carats, and can be worth up to 10,000$ a carat in its most precious variants. It’s easy to see why so many men moved here over the decades, coming from every corner of the world.

Australia's Gem Opal
An example of opalescent rock, where opal is extracted from


Local population ranges between 1000 and 2000 permanent residents depending on seasons, miners come and go regularly. Over 50 nationalities are represented in town, mostly from Greece, ex Jugoslavia, Italy. And yes, we found an Italian Club in Coober Pedy too! One night we went there for a drink and met several old immigrants, who spent a lifetime working in the mines and decided to stay even as retirees.

Nowadays a licence is required to dig and look for opals. Around Coober Pedy there are thousands of empty holes, which are dug out with the typical local machine, the blower truck. When a trace of opal is found in one these holes, it’s necessary to continue by hand digging in order not to ruin the gemstone.

Ambra underground
Ambra looking for opals!


To escape the suffocating heat, locals came up with an efficient building technique. Houses are dug along the hill sides, creating effectively an underground home. This way the temperature inside stays constantly around 20°C with no need of air conditioning, day or night, summer or winter (winter nights in the desert can be as cold as 5°C).

Usually the entrance is along the street whilst the rest of the house spreads underground. Everyone tries to stay underground as much as they can to avoid the heat, otherwise they drive in a car with AC. It’s uncommon to see people walking around during hot days. Aboriginals only seem to be more used to heat (and flies), other than ourselves who inexpertly opted for a midday stroll along the main street… In Coober Pedy we saw not only quirky underground houses, but churches, shops, hotels and museums too.

Comfort Inn, one of many underground hotels in Coober Pedy. Ph Booking com


Indeed there’s plenty of hotels and accommodation for a town in the middle of nowhere. Tourism has developped in the past couple decades, particularly after the opening of the new Stuart Highway. The highway connects central Australia north to south, from Darwin to Adelaide, going through Alice Springs and Coober Pedy. Almost 3,000 kilometres of sealed highway, once unsealed, have been completed not long ago in 1987, as a proof of how hard it is to cross such remote and inhospitable areas even in modern times.

Coober Pedy distance Alice Springs
Average outback distances

Coober Pedy is now more accessible from Adelaide, but also a vital stopover for those travelling on-the-road towards mythical Uluru or Alice Springs, and by now it’s become a must-see place for every traveller like us looking for the authentic Australian outback experience.

  • Coober Pedy underground city
  • Opal City


Here’s what to see in Coober Pedy. Among things historical, absurd, unthinkable and meaningless, you’ll definitely be entertained:

  • Desert Cave Hotel: a famous underground hotel, with rooms dug deep in the rock and the original tunnels dating back to an old opal mine. Entry to the Desert Cave underground gallery is free to all visitors. Other hotels that were once working mines are the Dugout B&B and the Comfort Inn Coober Pedy where we spent one night.
Comfort Inn Booking
Comfort Inn Coober Pedy. Ph. Booking com
  • Serbian Orthodox Church: the most beautiful religious building in town, a spectacular orthodox church dug in the cool stone. Free entry, suggested offer of 5$.
Serbian Orthodox Church underground
The gorgeous Serbian orthodox underground church
  • Old Timers Mine & Museum: don’t miss this opal mine transformed in a museum, where you can take a self-guided tour and understand how things worked down here. Good selection of opal jewellery too for your souvenir. Tours start from 15$.
Old Timers Mine Museum
Old Timers Mine & Museum
  • Josephine’s Gallery and Kangaroo Orphanage: in the middle of the outback somebody with a great heart decided to open a small sanctuary to take care of kangaroo joeys. Sadly these animals are often killed in road accidents along the highway, however little joeys can survive in the mother’s pouch and get rescued. Come here to support their great work and meet the joeys. Entry fee is 10$.
Joesphine's Art Gallery and Kangaroo Orphanage
With a tiny joey at the kangaroo orphanage
  • Coober Pedy’s Spaceship: a spaceship in the middle of the desert? Why not! Coober Pedy has been a movie set for some science fiction films, including celebrated Pitch Black. The spaceship used in the film shooting has been left behind in town for exhibition.
Coober Pedy Spaceship Pitch Black
A regular spaceship in town! T-shirt and sunglasses provided by POi BO..
  • Coober Pedy Golf Club: residents have a good sense of humour, which can be seen in their desert golf club, where you must keep off grass!
Coober Pedy Golf
  • Boot Hill Cemetery: same goes for the cemetery, where locals show their happy spirit even ready for the afterlife.
  • Coober Pedy’s Sign: Hollywood has it’s famous sign, and Coober Pedy is no less… As kitsch as spectacular!
Coober Pedy scritta
Coober Pedy, Hollywood style…
  • Big Blower and Opal City Sign: the other renown sign is the Big Blower one, featuring the local truck used to dig holes around Coober Pedy. In the same place next to the highway you’ll find the Opal City sign, perfect for memorable sunset photos.
Opal City Big Blower sign Stuart Highway
The “Big Blower Sign”
  • Working Mine Tour: by the way, it’s forbidden to enter an active mine with no permission, however some of them offer paid tours. If you happen to be around the holes, always keep your eyes open and never walk backwards, shafts can be as deep as 20 metres!
Danger sign Wiki Commons
Watch for shafts! Ph Wiki Commons
  • The Breakaways & Dog Fence: the most incredible landscape near Coober Pedy is about 25 km from the town centre. Kanku-The Breakaways Park is a protected zone for its unique rock formations and colours. Come here at sunrise or sunset for awesome views.
    In the same area you’ll be able to see the Dog Fence, the longest fence in the world at over 5,000 km! It was built in 19th century to separate grazing lands from the lethal wild dingoes. Entry to the park is free, accessible via unsealed road suitable to 2wd unless muddy.
  • The Breakaways Coober Pedy
  • Kantu The Breakaways Conservation Park
  • The Breakaways how to go
  • Crocodile Harry’s Underground Nest: last but not least, this cave home become legend. Owner Harry arrived in Queensland from Latvia to hunt crocodiles, but when he heard about opals decided to move to Coober Pedy. He converted this cave into a proper nest, and throughout the years his fame kept on growing. It’s said that Harry was so popular among women, that they would come to visit him from all over the world (and still do today!) to pay their tribute and leave their intimate souvenirs behind in Harry’s house…
  • Harry's House Coober Pedy
  • Harry's Nest Coober Pedy
  • Harry the Crocodile Hunter
  • Harry Crocodile Hunter's bedroom
  • crazy house Coober Pedy


As you can tell there’s plenty to do and see in Coober Pedy, considering it’s a small town in the desert. We even went there twice in a month! To be honest the second time was more a necessity than a choice, being it one of the very few populated areas where we camped both on our way out and back from our Melbourne to Alice Springs road trip.

We stayed in Coober Pedy for 3 nights, arriving exhausted late at night after driving almost 2,000 km straight from Melbourne in two days (like driving from Italy to Russia…).
We used one day to visit the crazy attractions in town, and the next to go and see the sunrise and sunset colours over the amazing scenery at The Breakaways. Probably a full day or two half days are enough to visit Coober Pedy.

Our guide to Coober Pedy ends here. We hope we intrigued you enough to convince you to drive for thousands of kilometres to reach this crazy and unique place in the world!

Guide to Uluru (Ayers Rock) Kata-Tjuta National Park
South Australia on the road: 2-3 weeks itinerary


You can book all your accommodation in Coober Pedy and in Australia with free cancellation here.

  • Desert Cave Hotel: the renown Desert Cave Hotel is located along the main street. Services include a bar and a restaurant, plus the underground opal mine gallery.
  • Comfort Inn Coober Pedy: next to the Old Timers Mine, it was built in the tunnels of an old mine.
  • Opal Inn Motel & Caravan Park: other than motel style bedrooms, they provide a large parking area with shared facilities for campers to stay with their own vehicle and use common areas. It was good value for money for us, as we went off season.


  • Car: being hundreds of km from the main cities, a car is essential in Coober Pedy. Fuel is more expensive in the outback, up to 2.50$ or even 3$/liter during the recent shortage, but there is no way to save money here. We suggest to top up at every fuel station you see (every 200-300 km).
    Rent a car in Adelaide or Alice Springs at this link.
  • Bus: the Greyhound bus, known in Australia as the low-cost travellers carrier, calls in Coober Pedy along the Darwin-Adelaide route. However, due to its 12-hour-long trips we don’t recommend to travel by bus to then find yourself on foot in Coober Pedy.
  • Plane: some companies have private and panoramic flights, pricey but spectacular.
  • Train: legendary The Ghan, a tourist train travelling between Darwin and Adelaide in 4 days, stops at Manguri/Mt Clarence Station. From there, shuttles take visitors to Coober Pedy. Tiny detail, a journey on the Ghan will set you back 3,000$…


The climate is extreme in Coober Pedy. During summer months (nov-mar) the heat is unbearable, as sticky flies are. As a reward for your audacity, there will be very few tourists around and your outback experience will be even more real. Whereas in winter (may-sep) the temperature hovers around 25°C, with cold nights below 10°C. This is peak season, you should expect sold outs and even queues, thus remember to book your accommodation in advance.


We recommend getting an International Driving Permit online if you’re planning to drive a vehicle abroad. The International Drivers Association offers a reliable online service that allows to get a digital+physical licence even if you’re already travelling, valid and accepted in 150+ countries worldwide.
More info on the official website.


Never leave home without a reliable travel insurance. Better safe than sorry.
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World Nomads provides travel insurance for travelers in over 100 countries. As an affiliate, we receive a fee when you get a quote from World Nomads using this link. We do not represent World Nomads. This is information only and not a recommendation to buy travel insurance.


Did you know? Besides hotels and stays, you can now compare and book your flights + stays in one place on Booking FlightsSearch and compare deals on destinations and flights here.

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